藝苑掇英 Carlo Maria Mariani 卡羅·瑪麗亞·馬里亞尼 (1931) Pittura Colta Italian
Carlo Maria Mariani (born 25 July 1931) is an Italian painter. His paintings are rooted both in neoclassicist theory and modernism. In the 1970s he defended his choice of medium from attacks by art critics by making parallels between the melancholy for the past of neoclassicism and the then trendy conceptual art. He received international attention in the 1980s with what was called pittura colta ("cultivated painting") and la Nuova Maniera ("The New Style") in Italy, in which he employed old subjects and styles. Among other things he depicted Andy Warhol as Napoleon and made "improved" and "corrected" versions of works by Leonardo da Vinci and Raphael.
In the United States his works were called postmodernism; the American art critic Hal Foster made a distinction between postmodernisms rooted in "reaction" and "resistance", and placed Mariani with his shameless use of "worn-out" styles in the former category. William Wilson of the Los Angeles Times described a Mariani exhibition in Los Angeles in 1992 as "an extraordinarily complex, beautifully executed attempt to make classical drawing and painting meaningful again.
卡羅·瑪麗亞·馬里亞尼 Carlo Maria Mariani（1931年7月25日出生）是意大利畫家。他的繪畫植根於新古典主義理論和現代主義。在20世紀70年代，他通過對新古典主義過去的憂鬱與當時流行的概念藝術之間的相似之處，為藝術評論家的攻擊辯護。他在20世紀80年代受到了國際上的關注，在意大利被稱為pittura colta（“耕種繪畫”）和la Nuova Maniera（“新風格”），他使用舊的主題和風格。除此之外，他還將安迪·沃霍爾描繪成拿破崙，並製作了萊昂納多達芬奇和拉斐爾作品的“改進”和“修正”版本。